I told you before, this isn't a course in Japanese. But here, in a
nutshell, is all you need to know to form a grammatically perfect
Japanese sentence: Talk like Yoda. Japanese
then correctly speak you will, yes!
Oh, I shouldn't have said that. Japanese grammar is simpler, less
funky, than that of most Indo-European languages. Japanese doesn't use
articles (the, a, an), plural forms are a snap, and there's no gender
to worry about. But there are some things you have to get used to.
Japanese is an agglutinative language, meaning it
forms tenses by "agglutinating" suffixes ("morphemes") onto stems.
For example, to go is iku,
to want to go is ikitai,
the negative desire tense (don't want to go) is ikitakunai, and the negative past
desire tense (didn't want to go) is ikitakunakatta.
This agglutinative structure is partly why Japanese is highly
polysllabic. Another thing to adjust to is the idea of conjugating
adjectives. Weird. Finally,there's syntax. English is a
subject-verb-object language: "I read the book." Japanese is
subject-object-verb: Watashi wa
hon o yomimashita - I (the) book read. Hence the Yoda
reference. Sorry about that. It was over the line, the Yoda thing. Here
are some grammar resources.
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